The purpose of a server is so important that it should be considered one of the very important tools for the development and furtherance of your business.
What is a Server?
A server is a system that shares data resources and services to other computers using the internet or any local area network. Simply put, this is the main system that provides other systems with the resources need to function successfully. The computer that gives out resources and information is called the server and the computer that receives information and resources from the server is called the client.
Servers may give out resources to computers over a wide area network or a local area network. In comparison to the clients, servers can handle more information, and can handle more database than the clients; therefore, they are considered very important for storing information that is needed for the smooth functioning of your business.
Although servers are usually hardware, in the present times, software has been made to replace the hardware. In such cases, the software would function on a computer that would then cause the computer to act as a server to other computers. This is called cloud computing. Still, many companies use the hardware designed to function solely as a server.
Type of servers
In this section, we would discuss the various types of servers and how they operate. There are different types of servers, we have web servers, mail servers, print servers, file servers, Domain name servers, proxy servers, and cloud servers all performing specific functions. With specific software install in them based on the purpose of the server.
File servers: If you need to share a file to a large number of people, the file server stores and distributes your file. This simply means that many clients can have access to your files at the same time without any form of delay. For your company, the server provides a backup for your files. So, you do not need to bother about the safety of your files. The specific function of your server tells why enterprises need servers and which type.
Print servers: These particular kinds of servers handle the printing functionality. It saves you the stress of having to attach a printer to every computer. When your clients also need to print out any document, you wouldn’t have to be contacted directly. The server handles the function of printing. When you go to the automated teller machine to make some cash withdrawal, most banks ask you if you want a receipt to show for your transaction. When you click yes, the automated teller machine becomes a client and sends a printing request to the server. In response, the server begins the printing of the receipt. Simultaneously, another automated teller machine can make the same request. Both machines would get the receipts at the same time without any delay in the time.
Database servers: In your business, you need information that pertains to your client database. The database server provides the services needed for retrieving and accessing data from a database. This type of server is very unique and has a good way of storing your data. Many companies acquire a Database server for storing data and accessing the data by running a query for efficiency.
Mail Server: The mail server is also very popular. Its operation is very similar to a post office because it helps to hold electronic mail messages on a network. This server can store and sort messages before delivering them to its final destination. It works well when the mail server address and other important information are provided. This information is listed as POP3 and SMTP addresses.
Web Server: This type of server helps to deliver web pages to multiple users. It uses HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol) and other unique protocols to deliver requests made over the WWW (World Wide Web). This server is also vital because it helps to display website content to users.
Domain name server: Domain name server helps to store multiple domain names. The domain name points to the IP address of the web page and displays where the website is located. It contains a protocol, subdomain, domain suffix, directories, and web page. An example of a domain name is https://www.google.com Google has an IP address of 22.214.171.124.
Proxy server: This server is part of the gateway server. It serves as a hub that is used to separate a local network from an outside network. The server can redirect your browsing activity and also delivering a high level of functionality, privacy, and security.
Cloud server: The cloud server helps to run a cloud computing environment harnessing the cloud computing platform and allowing the server to be accessed remotely. This type of server can also be called virtual servers. It delivers much processing power and large storage; users can store their information on this server and access them through a website application, or a smartphone.
The server works perfectly and efficiently with a local network comprising of switch and routers to deliver its content to other areas. Computer and smartphones can access the content on the server once they’re connected to a network. Using the server isn’t complicated; once the server is assigned an IP address by a web host it becomes easy for users to access it. The server can be accessed using a domain name or an IP address, but sometimes people find it difficult to remember the IP addresses of hosts.
The domain name helps to solve this problem. For example, the IP address for Google is 126.96.36.199; this can be difficult to remember. And sometimes Google may have other sub-addresses which can be tough to memorize. Using the domain name www.google.com Google is easy to remember and allows users to have access to the server conveniently. Also, the IP address of the server can be changed and the domain name left unchanged by the server operator. This change doesn’t affect the user, the server can still be accessed if they still know the domain name.
Storing the server is a vital thing to consider. It comes with great relevance when the server is stored and maintained well. In a corporate environment or business environment, the server is usually stored in a cold room or glasshouse which is usually called a data center. These areas are important because it helps to isolate the server from people who should not have access to them. It keeps the business running in a reliable and optimal condition. Servers generate a lot of heat when in operation, it is also sensitive to dust and humidity. Therefore, having a stable humidity and temperature within tight tolerance is important to the system reliability.
When they aren’t stored in a well-ventilated or cold room, the heat generated can reduce the lifespan of the server. The performance of the server will also be reduced once there’s not enough ventilation in the room the server is stored. If there’s damage to the server due to heat, the operating cost of the organization may increase. The server may fail critically or the building having a risk of catching fire if it’s not taken into consideration.
Maintaining the server is also necessary. This can keep the server running as intended and also expanding its lifespan. It can also save you thousands of dollars by preventing them from damage or replacement. Regular maintenance can increase productivity thus boosting your business sales and profits. Keeping the server constantly running and updated will avoid loss of data and downtime, also ensuring the server is running as intended without issues. The server’s security, functionality, and health are constantly checked when the maintenance is carried out and this report can be used to put the server always in perfect shape.
Some factors can be considered when performing a maintenance check on the server. These factors help to keep it in perfect condition and also prevent interruptions during working hours. These factors include;
- Regular data backup of the server.
- Frequent Software updates and patches.
- Antivirus updates and configuration checks
- Remote management tools checks.
- Monitoring and detailing of server utilization.
- Reviewing of disk usage.
- Maintaining adequate redundancy of systems.
- Regular security review.
- Frequent reviewing of users and password strengths.
- Folder permission checks.
- Server logs check.
- Physical cleaning of internal components.
- Hardware functionality check.
- Temperature checks.
Acquiring a server will bring great relevance to your company or business. It stores your data conveniently without much issue. File sharing and remote access are also done conveniently and it provides safer storage and much more security. A server is reliable and also scalable; having the proper server will make sure your business grows without limitations. Upgrading a server’s disk space, remote access, and access speed is easier.
The server helps to improve the collaboration within the business. A business without a proper server system will be heavily restricted; for example, a server with Microsoft Exchange application installed will facilitate shared calendars, email collaboration, group email, shared contact lists, and many more among employees and clients. With an Active synchronization, data becomes available when they’re needed, updating and backing up the data will not be difficult to perform.
Servers also facilitate faster expansion. Installing an antivirus, Installing a printers, creating network share mappings, and adding email addresses can be done easily when the server is installed in the company.